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  Nutrition for Elderly Dogs
  Cancer Treatments Require Special Needs
  Common Causes of Skin Conditions
  Best Supplements for Puppies
  Improving Immune Function
 
Popular Dog Vitamins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Causes of Canine Skin Conditions.
 

Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in dogs. Skin disorders in dogs have many causes, and many of the common skin disorders that afflict people have a counterpart in dogs. The condition of dog's skin and coat can also be an important indicator of its general health. Skin disorders of dogs vary from acute, self-limiting problems to chronic or long-lasting problems requiring life-time treatment. Dog skin disorders may be grouped into categories according to the causes.

Types of disorder

Immune-mediated skin disorders

Skin disease may result from deficiencies in immune system function. Some examples include increased susceptibility to demodectic mange, recurrent skin infections, such as Malassezia infection or bacterial infections. This category also includes hypersensitivity disorders such as atopic dermatitis, and skin diseases caused by autoimmunity, such as pemphigus and discoid lupus erythematosus.

Canine Atopic Dermatitis

Canine atopy is a hereditary and chronic allergic skin disease. It usually starts between 6 months and 3 years of age with some breeds of dog such as the Golden Retriever starting at an earlier age. Dogs with AD are itchy, especially around the eyes, muzzle, ears and on the feet. In severe cases the irritation is generalised. In cases where the allergens are seasonal the clinical signs of irritation are similarly seasonal, but many dogs with house dust mite allergy have perennial disease.

Ear and skin infections with Staphylococci and Malassezia (yeast) are common secondary to canine AD. Some of the allergens associated with canine AD include pollens of trees, grasses and weeds, as well as molds and House dust mite. Food allergy can be associated with identical signs and some authorities consider food allergy to be a type of atopic dermatitis. Flea allergy is commonly associated with AD. AD is a life-long condition in most dogs.

Diagnosis of AD is by elimination of other causes of irritation including fleas, scabies and other parasites such as Cheyletiella and lice. Food allergy can be identified through the use of elimination diet trials in which a novel diet is used for a minimum of 6 weeks and allergies to aeroallergens can be identified using intradermal allergy testing and/or blood testing (allergen-specific IgE ELISA).

Treatment for AD includes avoidance of the offending allergens if possible, but for most dogs this is not practical. Other treatments modulate the adverse immune response to allergens and include antihistamines, steroids, cyclosporin and immunotherapy ( a process in which allergens are injected to try to induce tolerance). In many cases shampoos and ear cleaners may be needed to try to prevent the return of infections.

Hot Spots

A Hot Spot, or acute moist dermatitis, is an acutely inflamed and infected area of skin irritation created and made worse by a dog licking and biting at itself. A hot spot can manifest and spread rapidly in a matter of hours as secondary Staphylococcus infection causes the top layers of the skin to break down and as pus becomes trapped in the hair. Hot spots can be treated with corticosteroid medications and oral as well as topical antibiotic application, as well as clipping hair from around the lesion. Underlying inciting causes include flea allergy dermatitis, ear disease or other allergic skin diseases. Dogs with thick undercoat are most subject to getting hot spots.

Acral lick granulomas

Related to Hot Spots are Lick granulomas, a raised, usually ulcerated area on a dog's wrist or ankle area caused by the dog's own incessant compulsive licking. According to the Merks Manual of Veterinary Medicine, compulsive licking has the following necessary condition: licking in excess of that required for standard grooming or exploration. The following condition is sufficient: licking in excess of that required for grooming or exploration that represents a change in the animal’s typical behavior and interferes with other activities or functions (eg, eating, drinking, playing, interacting with people) and cannot easily be interrupted.[1]

Infectious skin diseases

Infectious skin diseases of dogs include contagious and non-contagious infections or infestations. Contagious infections include parasitic, bacterial, fungal and viral skin diseases.

One of the most common contagious parasitic skin diseases is Sarcoptic canine scabies. Another is mange caused by Demodex (Demodicosis), though this form of mange is not contagious. Another contagious infestation is caused by a mite, Cheyletiella. Dogs can be infested with contagious lice.

Other ectoparasites, including flea and tick infestations are not considered directly contagious but are acquired from an environment where other infested hosts have established the parasite's life cycle.

Ringworm is a fungal skin infection and is more common in puppies than in adult dogs.

Non-contagious skin infections can result when normal bacterial or fungal skin flora is allowed to proliferate and cause skin disease. Common examples in dogs include Staphylococcus intermedius pyoderma, and Malassezia dermatitis caused by overgrowth of Malassezia pachydermatis.

it is critically important to provide a high quality daily supplement to a dog suffering with skin problems. Their are many canine daily supplements on the market but few provide the "total package" for dogs with itchy inflamed skin.. Research each available brand to find the one best suited for your dog's need.

it is critically important to provide a high quality daily supplement to your puppy in order to ensure proper development, boost immune function, and guarantee a long and healty life. Their are many canine daily supplements on the market but few provide the "total package" for puppy nutrition. Research each available brand to find the one best suited for your dog's need.


 

Top Dog Vitamins That Actually Work
 

Dog Vitamins Reviews is dedicated to bringing you the best dog vitamins and supplements on the market. Every dog vitamin we review goes through an extensive analysis to determine the effectiveness of the product. By combining the results from our product analysis with genuine customer feedback, we have determined the top dog vitamins which actually work.

If you are looking to provide a high quality vitamin for your dog to address a particular condition or improve their overall health and don't want to scour the internet for hours filtering through the hundreds of different dog vitamins that exist, then try one of the top dog vitamins below!

 

#1 HardyPet Complete

 
   
   
  Made By: HardyPet Nutrition
   
  MSRP: $79.99
   
 

Best Online Price: $39.99

 

Out of all the canine supplement our staff has reviewed, HardyPet Completeis by far the best bang for the buck. What sets this product apart from the rest of the field is the quantity and quality of ingredients. With everything that is packed into this one vitamin, you would need to purchase 4 or 5 seperate products just to get the same results.

With daily use, HardyPet Complete prevents the onset of many of the most common canine conditions including skin problems, joint issues, digestion problems, depressed immune function, and the effects of free radicals. When a condition already exists, HardyPet Complete works quickly to attack the cause of the condition and provides relief from painful symptoms. Tested through countless clinical trials and field trials treating rescue dogs across the country, HardyPet Complete has proven to be the most effective non-prescription canine supplement on the market.

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The Best Online Price Available: $39.99
 

#2 HardyPet Skin

 
   
   
  Made By: HardyPet Nutrition
   
  MSRP: $79.99
   
 

Best Online Price: $39.99

 
 

One of the biggest problems most dog owners face is the inevitable skin issues like hot spots, hair loss, itchy areas, and overall irritation. It is important to identify the cause of the irritation first and then treat the symptoms. Causes vary according to the condition but include allergic reactions to foods or treats, reactions to chemicals or other external substances, and the effects of common parasties unchecked by a compromised immune system.

HardyPet's Skin formula was specially formulated as a powerful 10-day therapy to quickly treat the causes of most skin issues and address their symptoms. This product tested very well with the rescue shelters that are affiliated with our staff. Even the most difficult skin issues responded quickly and were completely resolved within 2 weeks.

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The Best Online Price Available: $39.99